Mushrooms are versatile and delicious ingredients that can be found in many dishes around the world. While some varieties are readily available at your local grocery store, others are considered a delicacy and can only be found on the black market or through specialty suppliers. These expensive mushrooms are highly sought after for their unique and often mild or nutty flavor, as well as their medicinal properties.
Some of the most expensive mushrooms in the world include boletus edulis, also known as the king bolete or porcini mushroom, enoki mushrooms, European white truffles, lion’s mane mushrooms, matsutake mushrooms, and more. These mushrooms grow in specific environments, such as mature oak or red pine trees, and are often harvested by skilled truffle hunters. While they can be used in a variety of dishes, they are particularly popular in stir-fries and other Asian-inspired cuisine. Despite their high price tag, these edible mushrooms are considered a luxury item by many food enthusiasts. In this article, we will take a look at some of the most expensive mushrooms in the world, their characteristics, and the factors that contribute to their high price tag.
10 Most Expensive Mushrooms in the World
|Mushrooms Name||Mushrooms Price|
|Shiitake Mushroom||$15 per pound|
|Lion’s Mane Mushrooms||$20 per pound|
|Boletus||$60 per pound|
|Flammulina velutipes||$120 per pound|
|Chanterelle Mushroom||$240 per pound|
|Morel Mushrooms||$280 per pound|
|Black Truffles||$800+ per kilo|
|Matsutake Mushroom||$2,000+ per kilo|
|Cordyceps Sinensis||$30,000+ per kilo|
|White Truffles||It was auctioned for a sky-high price of 200,000 US dollars / 1.08 kilograms|
Shiitake Mushroom is the 10th most expensive mushroom in the world. The shiitake mushroom is a type of edible mushroom native to East Asia. It is commonly used in Asian cuisine, particularly in soups and stir-fries. Shiitake mushrooms have a meaty, slightly smoky flavor and a chewy texture. They are also rich in nutrients, including vitamin D, potassium, and copper. In addition to being used for culinary purposes, shiitake mushrooms have been used for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine for their various health benefits, including boosting the immune system, reducing cholesterol levels, and improving cardiovascular health.
Lion’s Mane Mushrooms
Lion’s Mane Mushrooms is the 9th most expensive mushroom in the world. Lion’s mane mushrooms, also known as Hericium Erinaceus, are a type of edible mushroom that is native to North America and Asia. They have a distinctive appearance, with a white or cream-colored body and long, cascading tendrils that resemble a lion’s mane.
Lion’s mane mushrooms are known for their health benefits, including their ability to boost the immune system, reduce inflammation, and improve brain function. They are also a good source of antioxidants and are thought to have anti-aging properties.
Lion’s mane mushrooms can be found in the wild or grown commercially. They are typically cooked and added to soups, stews, and other dishes, but can also be eaten raw or made into supplements. They have a slightly crunchy texture and a mild, slightly sweet taste.
Boletus Mushrooms is the 8th most expensive mushroom in the world. Boletus mushrooms, also known as boletes, are a type of edible mushroom that belong to the genus Boletus. They are known for their large, spore-bearing fruit bodies that grow on the ground and have a stem, cap, and pores instead of gills.
Boletus mushrooms are found in a variety of environments, including forests, meadows, and grasslands. They can be found throughout the world, including in North America, Europe, and Asia.
Boletus mushrooms are prized for their rich, meaty flavor and firm texture. They can be eaten raw or cooked in a variety of dishes, including soups, stews, and pasta.
Boletus mushrooms are also known for their medicinal properties and are believed to have anti-inflammatory and immune-boosting effects. They are also a good source of vitamins and minerals, including vitamin D, potassium, and iron.
However, it is important to be cautious when foraging for boletus mushrooms, as some species can be toxic if consumed. It is recommended to only collect boletus mushrooms from reputable sources or to have them identified by a trained mushroom expert before consuming.
Flammulina velutipes is the 7th most expensive mushroom in the world. Flammulina velutipes, also known as the velvet shank or velvet foot mushroom, is a species of edible mushroom in the family Physalacriaceae. It is native to East Asia and has been introduced to other parts of the world, including Europe and North America. The mushroom is known for its distinctive velvet-like stem and its yellow-brown to dark-brown caps. It grows in clusters of dead or dying wood and is often found on tree stumps or fallen branches. Flammulina velutipes is a popular edible mushroom and is often used in soups, stir-fries, and other dishes. It is also used in traditional Chinese medicine.
Chanterelle Mushroom is the 6th most expensive mushroom in the world. Chanterelle mushrooms are a type of edible mushroom that is known for their distinctive shape and bright orange color. They are often used in cooking and have a unique fruity, slightly spicy flavor. They are also known for their high nutritional value, as they are a good source of protein, fiber, and various vitamins and minerals. Chanterelle mushrooms can be found in the wild, but are also cultivated in some areas. They are commonly found in European and North American forests and are often foraged by mushroom hunters. They can be used in a variety of dishes, including soups, stews, sauces, and pasta dishes.
Morel Mushrooms is the 5th most expensive mushroom in the world. Morel mushrooms are a type of wild edible mushroom known for their distinctive honeycomb-like appearance and rich, nutty flavor. They are often found in wooded areas, especially after a wildfire, or in areas with a lot of dead trees. They are highly prized by mushroom hunters and are considered a delicacy in many parts of the world. Morel mushrooms can be cooked in a variety of ways, including sautéing, frying, and grilling, and are often used in dishes such as omelets, pasta, and sauces. They are also rich in nutrients, including protein, fiber, and antioxidants.
Black Truffles is the 4th most expensive mushroom in the world. Black truffles, also known as black Périgord truffles or Tuber melanosporum, are a type of edible fungi that are highly prized for their unique and intense flavor. They grow underground in the roots of certain trees, such as oak, hazelnut, and pine, and are found in certain regions of Europe, particularly in France and Italy.
Black truffles are typically harvested using specially trained dogs or pigs, who can detect the scent of the truffles and dig them up from the ground. They are then carefully cleaned and prepared for cooking, either fresh or preserved in oil or brine.
Black truffles are often used as a garnish or topping for dishes such as pasta, risotto, and steak, or shaved over salads and eggs. They are also used to flavor oils, sauces, and other condiments.
Due to their high demand and limited supply, black truffles are considered a luxury ingredient and can be quite expensive. However, they are prized by chefs and food connoisseurs for their unique and intense flavor, which has been described as earthy, musky, and slightly pungent.
Matsutake Mushroom is the 3rd most expensive mushroom in the world. The matsutake mushroom is highly prized and sought-after in Japanese cuisine. It is known for its strong and pungent aroma, as well as its meaty and earthy flavor. The mushroom grows in the wild and is often found in areas with pine trees. It is typically harvested in the fall season and can be quite expensive due to its rarity and popularity. In Japanese culture, the matsutake mushroom is often given as a gift and considered a symbol of good luck and prosperity. It is used in a variety of dishes, including soups, stews, and rice bowls.
Cordyceps Sinensis is the 2nd most expensive mushroom in the world. Cordyceps Sinensis is a species of fungi that grows in the mountainous regions of China and Tibet. It is commonly known as “caterpillar fungus” due to its unique method of reproduction, in which it infects and grows within the body of a caterpillar before emerging from the ground as a mushroom.
Cordyceps Sinensis has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries due to its believed health benefits, including improving energy and vitality, increasing endurance and athletic performance, and boosting the immune system. It is also believed to have anti-aging, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumor properties.
However, there is limited scientific evidence to support these claims and more research is needed to fully understand the potential effects of cordyceps Sinensis on human health.
White Truffles is the most expensive mushroom in the world. White truffles, also known as Tuber magnatum, are a rare and highly prized type of truffle found in the Piedmont region of Italy. These truffles are known for their intense, earthy flavor and aroma, which has been described as a combination of garlic, cheese, and nuts. They are typically used as a finishing touch on dishes, grated over pasta, or added to sauces and dressings.
White truffles are highly sought after and can sell for thousands of dollars per pound. They are typically found in the fall and winter months and are often hunted by trained dogs or pigs. Due to their rarity and high demand, they have often been considered a luxury ingredient and are used sparingly in dishes.
Despite their high price and luxurious reputation, white truffles are not without controversy. The demand for white truffles has led to illegal truffle hunting, which has caused damage to the ecosystem and decreased the number of truffles available. Additionally, the high price of white truffles has led to fraud, with fake truffles being sold as the real thing.
Frequently Asked Questions
How to grow mushrooms?
- Purchase mushroom spawns or spores from a reputable supplier.
- Choose a suitable substrate for the type of mushroom you wish to grow. Common substrates include straw, sawdust, or manure.
- Sterilize the substrate by boiling it or using a pressure cooker.
- Mix the mushroom spawn or spores into the substrate, making sure to evenly distribute it.
- Place the mixture into a container with a lid, such as a plastic bag or mushroom kit.
- Keep the mixture at the proper temperature and humidity for the specific type of mushroom you are growing.
- Water the mixture regularly and provide proper ventilation.
- Once the mushrooms start to grow, harvest them by cutting them off at the base.
- Repeat the process to continue harvesting mushrooms.
How to cook mushrooms?
To cook mushrooms, you will need:
- A pan or skillet
- Some oil or butter (optional)
- Salt and pepper (optional)
- Wash the mushrooms under cold running water and pat dry with a paper towel.
- If you want to add some flavor, heat a small amount of oil or butter in the pan or skillet over medium heat.
- Add the mushrooms to the pan and sprinkle with a little salt and pepper (optional).
- Cook the mushrooms for about 5-7 minutes, or until they are browned and tender. Stir occasionally to ensure even cooking.
- Once the mushrooms are cooked, remove them from the pan and serve immediately. Enjoy!
How long do mushrooms last?
Mushrooms generally last 3-5 days in the fridge if stored properly in a sealed container or plastic bag. If they are fresh and undamaged, they may last slightly longer. However, it is best to use them within a few days to ensure optimal quality and taste. If you are not sure if your mushrooms are still good to eat, you can check for any visible signs of spoilage such as discoloration, sliminess, or strong odors. It is also important to note that dried mushrooms can last longer, up to several months, if stored in an airtight container in a cool, dry place.
How long do mushrooms last in the fridge?
Mushrooms can last for about a week in the fridge if they are stored properly. To store mushrooms, place them in a paper bag or wrap them in a damp paper towel and store them in the refrigerator crisper drawer. Avoid washing the mushrooms until you are ready to use them, as moisture can cause them to spoil more quickly. If the mushrooms start to look slimy or smell bad, it is time to toss them out.
How to clean mushrooms?
To clean mushrooms, follow these steps:
- Rinse the mushrooms under cold water to remove any dirt or debris.
- Gently pat the mushrooms dry with a paper towel or kitchen towel.
- If the mushrooms have a lot of dirt or debris on them, you can gently scrub them with a soft-bristled brush or a damp cloth. Be sure not to scrub too hard as this can damage the mushrooms.
- Trim off any stems that are damaged or browned, and slice off the very bottom of the stem if it looks dirty.
- If the mushrooms have a lot of dirt in the gills (the underside of the mushroom), you can carefully slice off the gills with a sharp knife.
- Slice or chop the mushrooms as desired for your recipe.
- If you want to store the mushrooms for later use, place them in a plastic bag or container and keep them in the refrigerator. They should stay fresh for up to a week.
Where to find morel mushrooms?
Morel mushrooms can be found in various locations, including:
- Wooded areas – Morels tend to grow in areas with a mix of hardwood trees and leaf litter, such as oak, elm, and ash forests.
- Burned areas – Morels are often found in areas that have recently burned, such as after a wildfire or controlled burn.
- Graveyards – Morels have been known to grow in graveyards, possibly due to the high levels of nutrients in the soil.
- Abandoned orchards – Morels have been known to grow in abandoned orchards, especially near old apple trees.
- Water sources – Morels are often found near water sources, such as streams, rivers, and creeks.
It is important to note that morels are wild mushrooms, and it is illegal to pick them on private property without permission. It is also important to be cautious when hunting for morels, as some varieties can be poisonous. It is recommended to forage for morels with an experienced mushroom hunter or to purchase them from a reputable source.
How to tell if mushrooms are bad?
There are several ways to tell if mushrooms are bad:
- Visual inspection: Look for any visible signs of decay or discoloration, such as spots or browning on the surface of the mushroom.
- Smell: If the mushrooms have a strong, unpleasant smell, they are likely bad and should be discarded.
- Touch: Mushrooms that are slimy or sticky to the touch may be spoiled.
- Age: If the mushrooms have been stored for an extended period, they may have started to spoil.
- Taste: If you are unsure about the freshness of the mushrooms, you can taste a small piece to see if they taste off or have an unpleasant flavor. If they do, they are likely bad and should be thrown out.